• NIH/NIAID (2015-2020). Variation in resistance and fitness to artemisinins in African malaria. PI Jon Juliano, University of North Carolina; PSU subcontract PI: Read. PSU Subcontract c.$150,000. R01AI121558


  • NIH NIGMS R01 and UK Biotechnology and Biological Research Council (2012-2017). Vaccines as drivers of disease emergence: transmission ecology and virulence evolution. Total Award TBC. [PI: Read. Co-I.  Nair (IAH, UK), Dunn (PSU), Day (Queens, Canada)]. Funded as part of joint NSF-NIH-USDA Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Disease program as a US-UK collaboration.
  • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (2012-2014). Scent of disease: Diagnostic for malaria infection in humans. Total Award c. $800,000. [PI: Mescher; Co-I: de Moraes, Read]
  • CURE Epilepsy (2012-2014). A murine model for preventing post-malarial epilepsy. Total award: $350,000. [PI: Schiff; Co-Is: Read, Gluckman, Drew (PSU UP), Stoute (PSU Hershey)]
  • European Commission (2012-2015). A low-cost mosquito contamination device for sustainable malaria mosquito control. Total award: TBC. [PI: Thomas; Co-I: Read]


  • NIH NIAID (2012-2016)  Genomic analysis of the canonical case of virulence evolution: Myxamotosis in Australia.  Total award c.$2.9million. [PI: Read. Co-Is: Holmes, Cattadori, Hudson (PSU), Kerr (CSIRO), Ghedin (U Pitt)]  Ref  R01AI093804.
  • NIH, NIAID R21 (2011-2013) Effects of temperature on mosquito immunity and vector competence: do some like it hot? Total direct costs $275,000. [PI: Thomas, Co-Is: Murdock, Cox-Foster, Read]. Ref. 1R21AI096036-01


  • NIH, NIAID U19 (2010-2017) ‘Centre for the Study of Complex Malaria in India’ Total Costs $US10 million. PI: Jane Carlton (NYU). Ref: U19A1089676-01. We are involved in two component projects: (i) Using next-generation genomics to study antimalarial drug resistance in India. PIs: Carlton, Read PSU subcontract [PI Read] Year 1 direct costs $71,527 (ii) Ecological and evolutionary determinants of malaria transmission and the advance towards sustainable insecticidal mosquito control. [PSU subcontract [PIs Thomas, Read] Year 1 direct costs $88,959.
  • NIH, NIGMS R01 (2010-2014). The evolutionary biology of chemotherapy against infectious agents: towards rational design of patient treatment regimens for resistance management. $1,147,540. Ref: GM089932-01A1. [PI: Read]
  • NIH, NIAID R01 (2010-2015). Within host selection of P. falciparum variants by artemisinin combination therapies. Ref: 1R01AI089819-01. [PI: Jon Juliano, University of North Carolina, Subcontract to Read]. PSU Subcontract Direct $345,208, total $510,909.
  • NIH, NIAID R21 (2010-2013). Existing malaria control insecticides – without the evolution of insecticide-resistance mosquitoes? Total costs $250,000, Direct $175,000. Ref. 01 R21 AI088094-01 [PIs: Read, Thomas]
  • Innovative Vector Control Consortium, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. (2010-2011). Residual persistence and stability of candidate fungal biopesticides for IRS. $101,284. PIs: Thomas (PSU), Read].
  • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (2010-2011). Scent of disease: Diagnostic for malaria infection. ($US100,000) [PIs: M. Mescher, C. de Moraes (PSU), Read].
  • The Wellcome Trust. (2010-2013). Elucidating within-host competition between malaria parasites using mathematical models and Bayesian statistics. (£GBP152,942; all funding in Edinburgh). Ref. 091078/Z/09/Z. [PIs: N. Savill (U. Edinburgh), Read].


  • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (2009-2010). Giving mosquitoes a ‘head cold’ to stop odor-driven feeding on humans. ($US100,000) [PIs: T.Baker, M.Thomas, Read.]
  • National Science Foundation/Ecology of Infectious Diseases Program (2009-2012). Quantifying the influence of environmental temperature on transmission of vector-borne diseases. $US 1,884,991 (+UC Davis subcontract, $471,000). Ref: EF-0914384 [PIs: M Thomas, R Crane, M Mann, Read [PSU], T W Scott [UC Davis]]


  • Pennsylvania Department of Health Tobacco Settlement Funds (2008-2011). Research infrastructure for new pesticide technologies for control of insect-borne diseases like malaria. $1,033,333). [PI: Read]


  • The Wellcome Trust. (2007-2009). Host-parasite interactions elucidated by McMC-based Bayesian inference. [PIs: N. Savill, Read]. £108,867. Ref. 082601.


  • Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin (2006-2007). Teaching replacement grant (to enable sabbatical leave). [PI: Read]. €60,000 (£38,710).
  • BBSRC (2006-2009). Studies leading to sustainable strategies for the control of Marek’s disease: Is vaccination responsible for virulence evolution in Marek’s disease? [PIs Read, Nair]. £713,930. Ref: BB/E003540/1.
  • The Wellcome Trust (2006-2009). Maximising the short-term efficacy of fungal biopesticides control of malaria [PIs Read & Thomas]. £343,951. Ref. 079077/Z/06/Z.
  • The European Commission (2006-2008). The evolution of parasite virulence: ecological processes shaping virulence of Ophryocystis parasites in monarch butterflies and malaria parasites in mosquitoes. [PI Read; Marie Curie International Fellowship to J. de Roode]. FP6-2004-Mobility-6, Proposal No. 021353-Virulence Evolution. £169,426.


  • The Wellcome Trust (2005-2008). Parasite evolution in response to blood-stage malaria vaccines. [PI Read; studentship to V. Barclay] £47,087. Ref. 075468/Z/04/A.


  • The Wellcome Trust (2004-2009). Flow cytometry for immunology and parasitology [PIs Gray, Anderton, Maizels,
    Matthews and Read]. £439,023. Ref. 075855/Z/04/Z.
  • BBSRC (2004-2007). Empirical immunology meets evolutionary ecology: the virulence of coinfection. [PIs Allen, Read & Nee; Recognised Researcher, A Graham]. £313,872. Ref. BB/C5087341
  • BBSRC (2004-2007). Evolution of sex allocation in protozoan parasites. [PIs Read & West; Recognised Researcher, S Reece]. £183,094. Ref. BB/C509915/1.
  • The European Commission (2004-5). Genetically diverse infection, competition, and the evolution of parasite virulence. [PI Read; Marie Curie Intr-European Fellowship to L. Raberg]. EUR 85,534. Ref. MEIF-CT-2003-501567.


  • The Wellcome Trust (2003-2006). The role of inflammatory host cytokines and genetic diversity in the determination of malaria virulence. [PI Read; studentship to G. Long] £50,175. Ref. 069299/Z/02/A.
  • The Wellcome Trust (2003-2006). How does in-host competition affect transmission strategies in malaria parasites? [PI Read; studentship to A. Wargo]. £107,453. Ref 073094/Z/03/Z.


  • The Wellcome Trust (2002-2007). Parasite life history evolution in response to medical and veterinary intervention. [PI Read]. £1,187,420. Ref 068292/Z/01/Z.
  • The Wellcome Trust (2002-2004). Novel use of fungal entomopathogens for malaria control. [PI Read]. £130,038. Ref 068195/B/02/Z. (Supplement £1,750, ref 068195/B/02/A).
  • The Wellcome Trust (2002). Centre for Infection Biology and Immunology. [PI’s Maizels, Robinson, Allen, Barton, Blaxter, Charlesworth, Gray, Keightley, Leigh Brown, Pemberton, Read]. SRIF. £4,734,289. Ref. 064641.


  • The Wellcome Trust (Oct 2001-03): Developing optimal immunology [PI’s Read, J. Allen, S. Nee]; £84,335. Ref. 064121/Z/01/Z.
  • The Wellcome Trust (2001-02): Do host-parasite arms races occur ex silico? [PI Read]; £82,276. Ref. 060770/Z/00/Z.


  • NERC (2000-3): Does parasite-mediated selection generate dynamical gene frequency fluctuations in wild populations? [PI Read]; £264,017.


  • BBSRC (1997-8): Evolutionary ecology of host responses to parasitic infection [PI’s: Read & D. Bryant]; £51,171.
  • BBSRC (1997-00): Evolutionary causes and consequences of host responses to parasitic infection [Fellowship support grant]; [PI: Read]; £138,018.
  • The Leverhulme Trust (1997-00): Evolutionary genetics of parasite virulence [PI: Read]; £105,270.


  • BBSRC (1996-00): Testing mutational explanations of sexual reproduction [PI’s: Read, N. Barton, & M. Viney]; £198,116
  • The Leverhulme Trust (1996-97): Is sexual reproduction by parasites an immune evasion strategy? [PI’s: Read & M. Viney]; £37,320


  • NERC (1995-98): Immunocompetence versus ornamentation: an experimental study of sexually-selected breeding coloration and disease resistance in male sticklebacks [PI’s: V. Braithwaite, F. Huntingford & Read]; £134,270.


  • NERC (1994): Transmission and prevalence of blood parasites in red grouse in relation to grouse survival, parasite sex ratio and abundance of vectors [PI’s: P. Hudson & Read]; £21,914.


  • BBSRC (previously AFRC) (1993-97): Evolutionary ecology of parasite reproductive strategies [Fellowship support grant]; [PI: Read]; £99,890.


  • Leverhume Trust (1990-4): Sex allocation and virulence in malaria parasites [PI’s: Read & A. Keymer];